Everyone’s skin is different. Your skincare routine should be as unique as you are! It is imperative to understand your own skin type and how it reacts to particular circumstances and seasonality so that you can find the right skincare products and routine that work best for you.
Even though each person’s skin is unique, there are five common skin types that you can closely identify with, including oily, normal, combination, dry and sensitive. Here are two simple and easy ways that can help you identify your skin type:
1. The Bare-Faced Method
Using a mild cleanser, cleanse your face and pat it dry gently. Leave your skin bare for thirty minutes without applying anything on it. Then, observe your forehead, nose, chin, and cheeks to see if there is any shine.
Wait for another thirty minutes and see whether your skin feels dry, especially when you smile or make other facial expressions. If your skin feels parched and tight, then your skin is mostly dry. On the other hand, if you see any noticeable shine on your forehead and nose, you most likely have normal to combination skin. If there is shine on your forehead, nose, as well as your cheeks, then you have oily skin. Sensitive skin can also have any of the above features, but with the added caveat that the skin will react more aggressively with external influences like sunlight and chemicals.
2. The Blotting Sheet Method
This method is quicker than the last and is a great way to differentiate between oily and dry skin types. Pat a blotting paper on different areas of your face, hold the sheet up to the light to see how much oil is there. The blotting sheet will have little to no oil if you have dry skin. However, if the blotting sheet picks up oil from the forehead and nose areas, your skin is most likely normal to combination. If the blotting paper is soaked with oil, then you most likely have oily skin. Again, sensitive skin can use this method to determine particular areas of concern.
It’s important to test your skin type regularly, especially whenever your skincare routine is not working, since external and internal factors can impact and change your skin type. Internal factors that could be impacting your skin are diet, hormone levels, health conditions, age, sleep, food toxins, exercise, and insufficient water intake. External factors that affect your skin include lifestyle habits (eg. Drinking alcohol and smoking), environmental exposure (eg. Cold, dry, pollution), unprotected exposure to ultraviolet rays, use of unhealthy skin cosmetics, and extended exposure to central heating and cooling systems. Each of these factors can have varying degrees of impact, but add them up together and your skin is constantly being attacked.
How to Take Care of Your Skin
If you want to have a leg up on Mother Nature and age gracefully, Dermafirm has tips to help you take care of your unique skin type effectively.
For Dry Skin:
If you have dry skin, your skin may feel tight and you may sometimes see your skin flake. Dry skin is mostly due to genetics, external factors such as lifestyle, diet, hormonal changes, and climate. Another major cause of dry skin is dehydration. Therefore, it is crucial for people with dry skin to drink plenty of water and avoid alcohol and caffeine.
Using a gentle exfoliator on the skin can help promote skin cell turnover without taking away its natural oils. This will make it easier for skincare products, such as treatments and serums, to be absorbed. Moisturizers that contain hyaluronic acid, glycerin, and marine actives such as algae are most ideal for dry skin due to their ability to retain water and deliver it to skin cells. Moreover, emollients including squalane and camellia oil can also hydrate and smooth the skin very well. For the best grouping of products to deal with dry skin, take a look at using Dermafirm’s Moisture Care Solution.
For Normal to Combination Skin:
Those with normal to combination skin typically have dry cheeks. This means that they need a moisturizer that is not too heavy but still dense enough to retain the moisture where needed. People with this type of skin are prone to breakouts on t-zone (forehead and nose) rather than on the cheeks. Daily exfoliation can help balance the t-zone and cheek areas.
Moisturizers with gel consistency are suitable for this skin type as they can be absorbed faster and are less likely to cause breakouts. If you have normal to combination skin, make sure that you start with a small amount and build on as needed to prevent over-moisturizing. For the best grouping of products to deal with normal to combination skin, take a look at using Dermafirm’s Anti-Aging Care Solution.
For Oily Skin:
While people with oily skin are more prone to breakouts as their pores are often clogged with excess oil, their skin appears younger due to natural moisture and is less prone to wrinkles. Enzymatic exfoliation is needed on a daily basis to promote cell turnover and eliminate sebum buildup in pores.
A gentle exfoliator can help balance the tone and texture of the skin without damaging the skin. Oily skin is also more prone to post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH), a condition that leaves dark spots on the skin after a breakout. Again, exfoliation can brighten these blemishes by removing the outermost layers of skin and revealing new cells. For the best grouping of products to deal with oily skin, take a look at using Dermafirm’s Oily/Acne Care Solution.
For Sensitive Skin:
Taking care of sensitive skin is a little tricky as it normally takes a lot of time and effort just to figure out which ingredients cause irritation and inflammation. It’s good to know that all of the products from Dermafirm that are for sensitive skin have all been specifically formulated for the most sensitive skins! Another way to test a brand you are unsure of, is to use only one new skincare formula or product at a time. That way you can pinpoint exactly which product is the culprit.
A great way to mitigate reactions on the face is to do patch testing on your inner forearm before using the product on the face. If there is no sign of reaction on your skin, apply the product to the area behind your ear again to make sure. Choose products that contain no parabens, synthetic fragrances, mineral oil, sulfate detergents, phthalates, urea, DEA, and TEA.
For the best grouping of products to deal with sensitive skin, take a look at using Dermafirm’s Repair/Sensitive Skin Care Solution.
As always, consult a Dermafirm Skincare Specialist at firstname.lastname@example.org if you have any specific product or application process questions.